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A Library Guide to Jung's Collected Works

Explore Jungian psychology resources available from the Pacifica Graduate Library

Reference publications: Ego

Jung on the Ego

Jung's essays on the Ego from the Collected Works:

Suggested readings adapted from Hopcke's (1999) A guided tour of the collected works of C. G. Jung, pp. 79-82.

Additional resources on the Ego

Edinger, E. F. (1960). The ego-self paradox. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 5 (1), 3.
Abstract: "Discusses the relationship between ego and self at different stages of development. Consideration on the two different aspects of human psychology; Impact of the process of psychotherapy and psychic development on the relationship; Discovery in the transformation of the positive aspects of the ego-self axis into negative aspects."

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Moore, N. (1975). The transcendent function and the forming ego. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 20(2), 164–182.
Abstract: "This paper presents some views of the forming ego, derived from the study of regression in adult patients, and considers the light thus thrown on the transcendent function as a process, and on how it is experienced. The content of that function is not considered here in detail. The transcendent function is familiarly met when fully developed, especially in the analyses of patients who have a relatively well-formed ego. However, this developed state of affairs does not occur ready-made, but comes into being gradually as the ego forms and becomes able to observe the experience of interaction with the unconscious. The transcendent function has its inception and growth like any other function (Gordon 8), and has its forerunners during the time when the ego is emerging from the unconscious, first in isolated islands, then with more and more continuity. Jung has pointed out that the transference is a fruitful source of the unconscious material needed for the emergence of the transcendent function (Jung 10). The early era when the ego is forming is particularly important in the transference, and in the dialectical mediation of archetypal images."

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Redfearn, J., W. T. (1983). Ego and self: Terminology. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 28(2), 91–106.
Abstract: "Discusses the various meanings of 'self' and 'ego' as they are used in analytical literature. The uses of these terms by A. and S. Freud, M. Klein, D. W. Winnicott, E. Erikson, E. Jacobson, H. Hartmann, M. Fordham, H. Kohut, C. G. Jung, and E. Neumann are reviewed. The word 'self,' following Hartmann and Kohut, has for many theorists come to mean what the early Freudians, the Kleinians, and the Jungians referred to somewhat loosely as the 'ego.' For some theorists, the ego emerges from the original self; for some it is the other way around. There is little disagreement, however, about what these terms refer to: Personal identity or its precursor arises out of an original undifferentiated or boundaryless integrate or sensorium. The popularity of the writings of Kohut and his followers and the value of their clinical work on narcissistic disorders have made it urgent for Jungians to clarify their use of the terms 'ego' and 'self.' "

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Stein, L. (1962). An entity named ego. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 7 (1), 41–54.
Abtract: "Examines the concept of ego in psychological perspectives. Psychologist Carl Gustav Jung's distinction between the ego and the self; Existence of a different ego revealed by the epistemological, linguistic and analytical methods of approach; Pointers to the essence of the true ego gained through an excursion into the realm of the primitve and infantile psyche."

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