"The psyche is far from being a homogenous unit–on the contrary, it is a boiling cauldron of contradictory impulses, inhibitions, and affects, and for many people the conflict between them is so insupportable that they even wish for the deliverance preached by theologians.[“Psychological Aspects of the Mother Archetype,” CW 9i, para. 190.]The way in which the psyche manifests is a complicated interplay of many factors, including an individual’s age, sex, hereditary disposition, psychological type and attitude, and degree of conscious control over the instincts." (Sharp, 1991). [Read more]
Psyche: "Psyche, the ancient Greek word meaning “soul” or “spirit,” is also the name of the Greek goddess of the Soul, one of whose symbols is the butterfly. The term was employed by Sigmund Freud to describe the unity of unconscious and conscious, the tripartite structure of the mind divided into Id (i.e., the repository of unconscious drives and wishes that determine our conscious behaviors); Super-Ego (i.e., the repository of supercon-scious extreme moralistic elements that compensate for the opposite extremes of the id); and the Ego (i.e., the conscious referee between the dichotomous ongoing conflict between id and superego). It was also adopted by Freud’s student Carl Jung to encompass the mind and its evolving, developing relationship with the world over the course of life, manifest in the individuation of the Self from the more limited ego (Jung, 1978).” [Read more]
Objective Psyche: "In 1633, Galileo Galilei was forced to his knees by the Catholic Church, and with his hands on the Bible, demanded to retract his comments that the earth was not the center of the universe. Drawing on his years of scientific inquiry, he found that it was the earth which rotated around the sun and not the other way around. His was a heliocentric view of the universe, not a geocentric approach. Perhaps using science to refute religious dogma was not the best approach in the 1600s, but Galileo’s search for truth knew no limits. Those near him during the inquisition heard him whisper under his breath the words, eppure si muove (and yet it moves), as he completed his testimony to the Papal See. Eppure si muove speaks to the issue of relative and fixed space and movement. The Church needed to see the earth as center of the universe to justify its position of moral and spiritual supremacy. However, his utterance that “the earth moves” urges us to re-consider the relationship between relative and objective meaning. This theme remains crucial to our understanding not only of the world, but also the human psyche and in many ways has influenced the practice of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis. Jung’s discovery of the Objective Psyche closely parallels Galileo’s findings, in that the ego, like the earth, was not to be viewed as the center of the personality. For Jung, the objective psyche allows us to determine the distinction between a relative and subjectively derived meaning from what is objective and invariant. While in relation to the ego, the matrix for this objective psyche exists independently of the conscious mind, and its contents are not acquired through personal experience. Like a compass pointing due north or a bird’s innate capacity for building intricate nests and traveling thousands of miles during its migratory journeys, there is an internal wisdom and directionality within the psyche- a psychic “due north.” [Read more]
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Lockhart, R. A. (1980). Psyche in hiding. Quadrant, 13(1), 76–105.
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Preston, E. M. (1987). Psyche revisited: A contemporary view of feminine consciousness in the myth of Eros and Psyche. Anima, 13((3), (2), 87–96.
Wolff, T. (1995). Structural forms of the feminine psyche. Psychological Perspectives: A Semiannual Journal of Jungian Thought, 31(1), 77–90.
Zabriskie, B. (2000). The psyche as a process. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 10((3), 389–402. https://doi.org/10.1080/10481881009348554